Gynecological Cancer and Older Women - Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments
September 29, 2016
Senior Care in Atherton CAGynecological cancer can develop in women of every age, but is usually more prominent in older women. According to the CDC, approximately 71,500 women are diagnosed with the disease each year, while 26,500 die from it. The results of this form of cancer can be fatal if it is diagnosed too late. By knowing what the causes, symptoms, and treatment options are for gynecological cancer, you can help your elderly loved one fight this disease. If they currently live by themselves, a senior care provider may be needed to provide daily companionship with them and help them make the lifestyle choices needed to lower their chances of developing cancer. Types of Gynecological CancerThis form of cancer first develops in a woman’s reproductive organs. There are five types of gynecological cancer to be aware of, such as:
- Ovarian cancer: Develops in the ovaries, which is located on each side of the uterus.
- Vulvar cancer: This disease begins in the vulva, or the outer part of the female genital organs.
- Cervical cancer: It first forms in the cervix, or the lowest part of the uterus.
- Uterine cancer: starts in the uterus, which is the pear-shaped organ in a woman’s pelvis.
- Vaginal cancer: This form of cancer begins in the vagina.
- Family history of gynecological cancers
- Human papilloma virus (HPV)
- Unhealthy eating habits, causing the elder to be overweight or obese
- Excessive drinking or smoking
- Ovarian cysts
- Diabetes mellitus
- HIV infection
- Frequent bleeding and pain in the pelvis
- Frequent endometrial or vaginal infections
- Constant swelling in the abdomen
- Unusual weight loss or weight gain
- Constant changes in bowel movements, including constipation or diarrhea
- Chemotherapy: Powerful medicines are used to shrink the cancerous cells. Chemotherapy can come in the form of pills or drugs that are injected into the veins.
- Radiation: High-energy rays are used to kill the cancer.
- Surgery: Sometimes surgery is necessary to manually remove the cancerous tissues from the body.